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Salt Glossary

Flake Sea Salt: Flake sea salt crystals are thin, light, dry, and crisp. Some are pyramid-shaped while others are like tiny shells. They vary in size and, like snowflakes, no two are alike. Flake salt crumbles easily, unlike crystals, and adheres well to finished dishes. It dissolves quickly and is best sprinkled on food right before serving. Flake salt is a favorite with salad, vegetables, and desserts.

Fine and Coarse Crystal Sea Salt: Traditional sea salt that is hand-harvested, solar evaporated, unrefined, and milled to a fine, medium, or coarse grain. These are most of the sea salts in the world and range from dry to moist, white to grey, and are all-purpose in their use.

Mined Sea Salt: These are hard crystals with very little moisture, coming from the land as opposed to from the living ocean. These are the Himalayan Pink Salt, including the rock salt, Peruvian Pink Salt, Bolivian Rose Salt (found in our Pink Salt Collection).

Grinder Sea Salt: Typically any dry, coarse grained sea salt is good for use in a grinder. Larger grained moist salt may also be used in a grinder. Always use a grinder with a ceramic grinding mechanism as metal, even stainless steel, will corrode over time.

Flavored/Blended Sea Salt: Any sea salt, generally fine or medium grain, blended with herbs, spices, citrus, or other flavorings. Used as finishing salt. These are handy additions to the salt repertoire as they can transform unadorned food into a special dish.

Smoked Sea Salt: Fine or coarse sea salt that is either cool or warm smoked over a fire to obtain a naturally smoked flavor and pleasing brown color. A perfect seasoning where a rich smoke flavor and aroma is desired. Loved by vegetarians for a non-meat smoky accent to soups and stews. Delicious with meats, seafood, eggs, potatoes, chocolate desserts, and as a rimmer for dark beer.

Caviar and Pearl Sea Salt: Caviar sea salt collects in the corners of the salt pans on windy days. Small pieces of salt break off the salt crystatls as they form on the surface of the brine. The wind sends them skittering off and they form spheres as they roll. Man-made salt pearls are formed by tumbling brine for for hollow spheres. Natural salt pearls form on the surface of lakes in very windy climates.

Rare Sea Salt: Sea Salt that is harvested in very small quantities, usually by one person. Truly artisanal products.

Kosher Salt: There are two types of Kosher salt. The most common type sold in supermarkets is named for its use in preparing meats according to Jewish dietary laws. It is a mecanically mined salt, not a hand-harvested, unrefined sea salt. The second type of Kosher salt is one that has been certified as Kosher by a certifying organization, such as the Orthodox Union. The salt has met the Jewish dietary law guidelines and is suitable for consumption by people following a Kosher diet. Our Cyprus and Australian sea salts are Kosher certified.

Organic Salt: Salt that is certified by organizations that have strict guidelines for salt production in their countries. The US does not have such an organization, but France has the Nature & Progres certification. The standards ensure the purity of the sea water, cleanliness of the salt beds, guidelines on how the salt is harvested and package, and the distance from vehicles. All of our French sea salts are certified by Nature & Progres.

Table Salt: Mechanically mined, refined salt found in all supermarkets.

Cooking Salt: Sea salt that is fine grain so that it dissolves easily during cooking.

Finishing Salt: Sea salt that is a flake or crystal used to season a dish after it is cooked or assembled. Salts are used this way to enjoy their subtle flavor differences and particular textures.